Napoleon Bonaparte Net Worth at Death – Salary, Income, Earnings

Napoleon Bonaparte Net Worth 

Napoleon Bonaparte had an estimated net worth of $400 million at death. Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military general who crowned himself the first emperor of France. His Napoleonic Code remains a model for governments worldwide. Napoleon revolutionized military organization and training, sponsored the Napoleonic Code, reorganized education, and established the long-lived Concordat with the papacy. 

At his peak, Napoleon conquered more than 7 million square miles of land across Asia and Europe. According to the current market value of this land, Napoleon owned land worth over $12 trillion. However, Napoleon lost most of his wealth after he was exiled to the remote island of Saint Helena.

To calculate the net worth of Napoleon Bonaparte, subtract all his liabilities from his total assets. Investments, savings, cash deposits, and any equity he has in a house, castle, or other similar asset are included in the total assets. All debts, such as personal loans, are included in total liabilities.

Here’s the breakdown of his net worth:

Name: Napoleon Bonaparte
Net Worth: $400 Million
Monthly Salary: $10 Thousand
Annual Income: $100 Million
Source of Wealth: Politician

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Early Life

On August 15, 1769, Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Ajaccio, on the French island of Corsica.

Napoleon was the fourth and only surviving child of lawyer Carlo Buonaparte and his wife, Letizia Ramolino.

Around the time of Napoleon’s birth, the French occupation of Corsica had sparked fierce local opposition. Carlo Buonaparte initially backed the nationalists and their leader, Pasquale Paoli.

Carlo switched his allegiance to the French after Paoli was forced to flee the island. In 1771, he was appointed assessor of the judicial district of Ajaccio, a lucrative position that enabled him to enroll his two sons, Joseph and Napoleon, in France’s College d’Autun.

Military Education

Napoleon eventually ended up at Brienne’s military college, where he studied for five years before moving on to the military academy in Paris. Napoleon’s father died of stomach cancer in 1785, while he was at the academy.

This compelled Napoleon to assume control of the family. Napoleon, now a second lieutenant of artillery, returned to Corsica in 1786 after graduating early from the military academy.

Back home, Napoleon sided with his father’s former ally, Pasquale Paoli, in the Corsican resistance to French occupation.

But the two soon fell out, and when a civil war broke out in Corsica in April 1793, Napoleon, now an enemy of Paoli, and his family fled to France, adopting the French version of their surname: Bonaparte.

Napoleon’s return to France from Corsica began with military service, where he rejoined his regiment in Nice in June 1793.

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French Revolution

The chaos of the French Revolution provided opportunities for ambitious military leaders such as Napoleon. The young leader quickly backed the Jacobins, a far-left political movement and the most well-known and popular political club of the French Revolution.

Three years after the Revolution began, France was declared a republic in 1792, and King Louis XVI was executed the following year. These acts eventually led to the rise of Maximilien de Robespierre and the establishment of the Committee of Public Safety dictatorship.

The years 1793 and 1794 became known as the Reign of Terror, with up to 40,000 people killed. The Jacobins eventually lost power, and Robespierre was executed. The Directory (the French Revolutionary government) took control of the country in 1795, a position it would hold until 1799.

Napoleon’s Rise to Power

After falling out of favor with Robespierre, Napoleon re-entered the Directory’s good graces in 1795, when he saved the government from counter-revolutionary forces.

Napoleon was soon appointed commander of the Army of the Interior as a result of his efforts. In addition, he was a trusted military advisor to the Director.

Napoleon took command of the Army of Italy in 1796, a position he had long desired. The young military commander quickly turned around the army, which was only 30,000 strong, disgruntled, and underfed.

Under his command, the resurrected army won numerous decisive victories against the Austrians, greatly expanded the French empire, and defeated an internal threat posed by royalists seeking to restore France to monarchy. All of these victories contributed to Napoleon becoming the military’s brightest star.

Napoleon and Josephine

On March 9, 1796, Napoleon married Joséphine de Beauharnais, widow of General Alexandre de Beauharnais (guillotined during the Reign of Terror) and mother of two children, in a civil ceremony.

Because Joséphine was unable to bear him a son, Napoleon arranged for their marriage to be annulled in 1810 so that he could marry Marie-Louise, the emperor of Austria’s 18-year-old daughter.

On March 20, 1811, the couple gave birth to a son, Napoleon II (also known as the King of Rome).

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Napoleon in Egypt

Napoleon and his army arrived in the Middle East on July 1, 1798, with the intention of undermining the British empire by occupying Egypt and disrupting English trade routes to India.

But his military campaign was a disaster: Admiral Horatio Nelson’s fleet decimated Napoleon’s forces in the Battle of the Nile on August 1, 1798.

The loss harmed Napoleon’s and France’s image, and in a show of newfound confidence against the commander, Britain, Austria, Russia, and Turkey formed a new coalition against France.

French armies were defeated in Italy in the spring of 1799, forcing France to cede much of the peninsula. Napoleon returned to France in October, where he was welcomed as a popular military leader.

Coup of 18 Brumaire

Following his return to France in 1799, Napoleon took part in the Coup of 18 Brumaire, a bloodless coup d’etat that overthrew the French Directory.

After a series of political and military maneuverings orchestrated in large part by Napoleon’s brother Lucien Bonaparte, the Directory was replaced by a three-member consulate.

When Napoleon was appointed first consul, he became France’s most powerful political figure. Napoleon’s forces defeated the Austrians and drove them from the Italian peninsula at the Battle of Marengo in 1800.

Napoleon’s authority as first consul was cemented by this military victory. Furthermore, with the Treaty of Amiens in 1802, the exhausted British agreed to peace with the French (although the peace would only last for a year).

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars were a series of European wars that lasted from 1803 to 1815, following Napoleon’s second abdication of power.

France sold its North American Louisiana Territory to the United States for $15 million in 1803, in part to raise funds for war, in a transaction known as the Louisiana Purchase. Napoleon then resumed hostilities with Britain, Russia, and Austria.

The British won an important naval victory against France at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, prompting Napoleon to abandon his plans to invade England. Instead, he targeted Austria and Russia, defeating both militaries in the Battle of Austerlitz.

Other victories quickly followed, allowing Napoleon to greatly expand the French empire and pave the way for his supporters to be installed in Holland, Italy, Naples, Sweden, Spain, and Westphalia.

Napoleonic Code

On March 21, 1804, Napoleon established the Napoleonic Code, also known as the French Civil Code, parts of which are still in use today.

The Napoleonic Code prohibited birth privileges, allowed religious freedom, and stated that government jobs should be given to the most qualified. The terms of the code serve as the foundation for many other countries’ civil codes in Europe and North America.

The Napoleonic Code was enacted in response to Napoleon’s new constitution, which established the first consul — a position that amounted to nothing less than a dictatorship. Following the French Revolution, unrest persisted in France; in June 1799, a coup resulted in the Jacobins, a left-wing radical group, seizing control of the Directory.

Working with one of the new directors, Emmanuel Sieyes, Napoleon devised plans for a second coup that would place the pair, along with Pierre-Roger Ducos, at the helm of the Consulate, a new government.

The first consul was given the authority to appoint ministers, generals, civil servants, magistrates, and even members of legislative assemblies under the new guidelines. Of course, Napoleon would be the one to carry out the duties of the first consul. The new constitution was easily accepted in February 1800.

Napoleon directed his reforms to the country’s economy, legal system, and education, as well as the Church, as he restored Roman Catholicism as the state religion. He also negotiated a European peace that lasted only three years before the Napoleonic Wars began.

His reforms were well received: he was elected consul for life in 1802 and proclaimed Emperor of France two years later.

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Napoleon Invades Russia

In 1812, France was devastated when Napoleon’s invasion of Russia was a colossal failure — and the beginning of Napoleon’s demise.

Hundreds of thousands of soldiers in Napoleon’s Grand Army were killed or severely wounded: only 10,000 soldiers remained fit for battle out of an initial fighting force of 600,000 men.

The news of Napoleon’s defeat energised his enemies both inside and outside of France. While Napoleon led his charge against Russia, a failed coup attempt occurred, and the British began to advance through French territory.

Napoleon surrendered to allied forces on March 30, 1814, as international pressure mounted and his government lacked the resources to fight back.


Napoleon was forced to abdicate power on April 6, 1814, and went into exile on the island of Elba in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Italy. His exile was short-lived, as he watched France stumble forward without him.

Napoleon escaped the island in March 1815 and quickly returned to Paris. Napoleon triumphantly returned to power after King Louis XVIII fled.

But the enthusiasm that greeted Napoleon’s return to power soon gave way to old frustrations and fears about his leadership.


Napoleon led French troops into Belgium and defeated the Prussians on June 16, 1815; two days later, he was defeated by the British, who were reinforced by Prussian fighters, at the Battle of Waterloo.

It was a humiliating defeat, and Napoleon abdicated on June 22, 1815. In an attempt to extend his dynasty, he pushed for his young son, Napoleon II, to be named Emperor, but the coalition refused the offer.

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St. Helena

Fearing a repeat of Napoleon’s earlier return from exile on Elba, the British government sent him to the remote island of St. Helena in the southern Atlantic after his abdication in 1815.

Napoleon was largely free to do as he pleased in his new home. He had leisurely mornings, wrote frequently, and read extensively. But the monotony of life soon got to him, and he often shut himself away.


Napoleon died on the island of St. Helena on May 5, 1821, at the age of 51. Napoleon’s health had deteriorated by 1817, and he showed early signs of a stomach ulcer or possibly cancer.

He was bedridden and weakening by the day in early 1821.

In April of that year, he dictated his last will and testament:

“I want my ashes to be scattered along the banks of the Seine, among the French people I adored. I am assassinated by the English oligarchy and its hired assassins before my time.”


Napoleon’s tomb is located in the Dôme des Invalides in Paris, France. The Invalides, originally a royal chapel built between 1677 and 1706, was transformed into a military pantheon under Napoleon.

Several other French notables are buried there, including Napoleon’s son, King of Rome l’Aiglon; his brothers, Joseph and Jérôme Bonaparte; Generals Bertrand and Duroc; and French marshals Foch and Lyautey.

Napoleon’s Height

Napoleon was about 5 feet 7 inches tall, which made him slightly taller than the average Frenchman of the time.

Napoleon’s height has been much discussed, and legends claim that he was unusually short, giving rise to the term “Napoleon complex,” an inferiority complex sometimes associated with people of short stature.

Some historians attribute Napoleon’s height myth to British propaganda.

Further Reading

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