Mahatma Gandhi Net Worth at Death – Salary, Income, Wife

Mahatma Gandhi Net Worth 

Mahatma Gandhi had an estimated net worth of $1. Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian lawyer who became the primary leader of India’s independence movement and also the architect of a form of non-violent civil disobedience that would influence the world. Until Gandhi was assassinated in 1948, his life and teachings inspired activists including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela.

Born into a religious family in British India, he was raised by parents who emphasized on religious tolerance, simplicity, and strong moral values. As a young man, he went to England to study law and later started working in South Africa.

There he witnessed rampant acts of racism and discrimination which angered him greatly. He spent over two decades in South Africa over the period which he developed a strong sense of social justice and led several social campaigns. Upon his return to India, he became the leader of the Indian National Congress. In 1930, he led Indians to protest a salt tax imposed by the British. He also led the Quit India movement in 1942.

To calculate the net worth of Mahatma Gandhi, subtract all his liabilities from his total assets. Investments, savings, cash deposits, and any equity he has in a house, car, or other similar asset are included in the total assets. All debts, such as personal loans and mortgages, are included in total liabilities.

Here’s the breakdown of his net worth:

Name: Mahatma Gandhi
Net Worth: $1
Monthly Salary: $10 Thousand
Annual Income: $200 Thousand
Source of Wealth: Lawyer, Politician, Philosopher, Writer

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Early Life

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, then part of the Kathiawar Agency in the British Indian Empire, to a Hindu Modh Baniya family. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was the diwan (chief minister) of the state of Porbandar. Putlibai, his mother, was Karamchand’s fourth wife. Mohandas had two older half-sisters and three older brothers and sisters.

His mother was a deeply religious woman who had a significant influence on the young Mohandas. As he grew older, however, he developed a rebellious streak and defied many of his family’s norms. He began drinking alcohol and eating meat, both of which were strictly forbidden in his traditional Hindu family.

He was a mediocre student who occasionally won awards and scholarships. In 1887, he passed the University of Bombay’s matriculation examination and enrolled at Samaldas College in Bhavnagar.

He was given the opportunity to study law at the Inner Temple in London in 1888. As a result, he left Samaldas College and sailed to England in August. He studied law and jurisprudence there with the goal of becoming a barrister.

While in England, he was drawn back to his childhood values, which he had abandoned as a teenager. He became involved with the vegetarian movement and met Theosophical Society members, who piqued his interest in religion.

He successfully completed his studies and was admitted to the bar in June 1891. He then went back to India.

Years in South Africa

He struggled professionally for the next two years before accepting a contract from Dada Abdulla & Co., an Indian firm, to work in the British Empire’s colony of Natal, South Africa, in 1893.

Gandhi’s years in South Africa proved to be a profound spiritual and political experience. There, he witnessed events he had no prior knowledge of. He, like all other colored people, were subjected to widespread discrimination.

He was once asked to leave first class on a train despite having a valid ticket solely because of his skin color, and another time he was asked to remove his turban. He declined both times.

These incidents enraged him and inspired him to fight for social justice. Despite the fact that his original job contract with Dada Abdulla & Co. was only for a year, he stayed in the country to fight for the rights of people of Indian descent.

He lived in South Africa for over 20 years, during which time he helped found the Natal Indian Congress, which aimed to unite South Africa’s Indian community into a unified political force.

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Return to India & Non Co-operation Movement

Mohandas Gandhi had gained a reputation as a fearless civil rights activist while In South Africa. Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress, asked Gandhi to return to India and join the others in India’s struggle for freedom.

Gandhi returned to India in 1915. He joined the Indian National Congress and by 1920 established himself as a dominant figure in the Indian political scenario. He was a strict adherent to the principle of non-violence and believed that non-violent civil disobedience measures were the best means to protest against the British rule.

He called for all the Indians to unite as one irrespective of the divisions of religion, caste and creed in the country’s fight for independence. He advocated non co-operation with British rule, which included a boycott of British goods in favor of Indian made products. He also called for the boycott of British educational institutions and prompted Indians to resign from government employment.

The non co-operation movement gained widespread mass appeal all over India which greatly agitated the British. Gandhi was arrested, tried for sedition, and imprisoned for two years (1922-24).

Salt Satyagraha

In the late 1920s the British government appointed a new constitutional reform commission under Sir John Simon but did not include any Indian as its member. This infuriated Gandhi who pushed through a resolution at the Calcutta Congress in December 1928 demanding the British government to grant India dominion status or face another non co-operation campaign aimed at attaining complete independence for the country.

The British did not respond and thus the Indian National Congress decided to declare the independence of India—the Purna Swaraj. On 31 December 1929, the flag of India was unfurled at the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress and the independence of India was declared. The Congress called on to the citizens to pledge themselves to civil disobedience until India attained complete independence.

During that time, the British’s Salt Laws which prohibited Indians from collecting and selling salt and forced them to pay for heavily taxed British salt were in place. Gandhi launched the Salt March, a non-violent protest against the British-imposed tax on salt in March 1930.

He led a march of 388 kilometers (241 miles) from Ahmedabad to Dandi, Gujarat to make salt himself. He was joined by thousands of followers in this symbolic act of defiance against British rule. This led to his arrest and imprisonment along with over 60,000 of his followers. He continued playing an active role in the independence movement post his release.

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Quit India Movement

The nationalist movement had gained much momentum by the time the World War II broke out in 1939. In the midst of the war, Gandhi launched another civil disobedience campaign, the Quit India Movement, demanding “an orderly British withdrawal” from India.

He gave a speech launching the movement on August 8, 1942, calling for determined, but passive resistance. Even though the movement received massive support, he also faced criticism from both pro-British and anti-British political groups. He was criticized for his strict refusal to support Britain in World War II, as some felt that it was unethical to not support Britain in its struggle against Nazi Germany.

Despite the criticism, Mahatma Gandhi remained steadfast in his adherence to the principle of non- violence and called on all Indians to maintain disciple in their struggle for ultimate freedom. Within hours of his powerful speech, Gandhi and the entire Congress Working Committee were arrested by the British. He was imprisoned for two years and released before the end of the war in May 1944.

The Quit India Movement became the most forceful movement in the history of the Indian independence struggle and is believed to have played a major role in securing the independence of India in 1947.

Indian Independence & Partition

While the Indian National Congress and Gandhi called for the British to quit India, the Muslim League passed a resolution for them to divide and quit. Gandhi was opposed to the concept of partition as it contradicted his vision of religious unity.

Gandhi suggested that the Congress and Muslim League co-operate and attain independence under a provisional government, and decide about the question of partition later on. Gandhi was deeply troubled by the thought of partition and personally tried his best to unite Indians belonging to different religions and communities.

When the Muslim League called for the Direct Action Day on 16 August 1946, it led to widespread riot and manslaughter between Hindus and Muslims in the city of Calcutta. Distraught, Gandhi personally visited the most riot-prone areas and tried to stop the massacres. In spite of his best efforts, the Direct Action Day marked the worst communal riots that British India had seen and set off a series of riots elsewhere in the country.

When independence was finally achieved on 15 August 1947, it also saw the formation of the two new dominions of India and Pakistan following the Partition of India in which more than half a million lost their lives and 14 million Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims were displaced.

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Awards & Achievements

Rabindranath Tagore, a great Indian polymath, accorded the title of “Mahatma” (meaning “high-souled” or “venerable” in Sanskrit), to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

‘Time’ magazine named Gandhi the Man of the Year in 1930.

Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times between 1937 and 1948 though he was never awarded the prize. The Nobel Committee publicly declared its regret for the omission decades later.

Personal Life & Wife

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi wed Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia in an arranged marriage in May 1883. He was 13 years old and Kasturbai was 14 years old at the time of their marriage. The marriage produced five children of whom four survived to adulthood. The names of his children were: Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas His wife too became a social activist in her own right later on.

Gandhi was a prolific writer and penned several books including the autobiographies ‘The Story of My Experiments with Truth’, ‘Satyagraha in South Africa’, and ‘Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule’.

He was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by Nathuram Vinayak Godse, a militant Hindu nationalist activist who shot three bullets into Gandhi’s chest at point-blank range at the Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) in New Delhi. Prior to his assassination, there had been five unsuccessful attempts to kill him.

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Mahatma Gandhi Quotes

Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.

 

You must be the change you wish to see in the world.

 

Prayer is the key of the morning and the bolt of the evening.

 

Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.

 

You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.

Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.

 

Action expresses priorities.

View our larger collection of the best Mahatma Gandhi quotes.

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